Surrealism, based on Dadaism, emerged in the late 1910s as an artistic and literary movement that sought to break free from the constraints of modern society's rational thinking and protest against a world of destruction and chaos. André Breton's 1924 Manifesto of Surrealism consecrated this movement, which believed in the power of the subconscious mind, and aimed to uncover its mysteries through art and writing. Imagine a painting that depicts a clock melting away or a photograph of a man with a fish for a head. Sounds strange, doesn't it? But that's exactly what makes surrealism so fascinating! It's all about pushing the boundaries of what we perceive as reality and challenging our preconceived notions.